The Pros And Cons Of Circumcising Your Baby Boy Are Discussed

To cut or not to cut? That is the question faced by millions of parents of newborn boys every year. Though circumcision is routinely practiced in the U.S., it is not the norm in other countries and it is becoming less common even in America. There are advantages and risks for circumcision as well as not circumcising. The key to determine if circumcision is right for your newborn son is to be well-informed. Read on for the pros and cons of either decision and the opinion of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
By Michele Thompson

What is circumcision?
At birth, boys have skin covering the tip of the penis, referred to as foreskin. Circumcision surgically removes the foreskin to expose the tip of the penis. The procedure, which is one of the most common in-patient surgeries in the U.S., usually occurs in the first few days following birth and is performed by a doctor. In order for an infant to undergo the surgery, he must be stable and healthy. This means premature infants and male infants born with complications are excluded from the procedure until they are considered stabilized.

According to the 1999 Circumcision Policy Statement put forth by the AAP’s Task Force on Circumcision, there are three common methods of circumcision, all including surgical devices such as the Gomco clamp, the Plastibell device, and the Mogen clamp.

To accomplish the circumcision, the doctor estimates the amount of external skin to be removed, dilates the opening to ensure that the glans is normal, bluntly frees the inner epithelium (skin) from the glans epithelium, puts the clamp or device in place, and leaves it long enough to produce hemostasis (halt bleeding), and then amputates the foreskin.

The policy statement warns, “It is important that those who practice circumcision become sufficiently skilled at the technical aspects of the procedure so that complications can be minimized.” Further, the AAP emphasizes that those who practice circumcision be skilled at suturing to ensure that hemostasis can be secured when necessary and that the skin edges can be brought together if they separate widely.

Emotionally-charged decision
The choice to circumcise or not circumcise is a hotly debated topic among parents as well as the medical community. The incidence rates of circumcision in the U.S. have varied from 31 percent in the early 1930’s to a high of 85 percent in 1965. Research indicates the circumcision rate in 2005 was about 56 percent.

Even though accurate circumcision statistics are difficult to obtain, the incident trends indicate that circumcision is no longer the norm. The trends have tended to follow the AAP policy statements on neonatal circumcision (which have primarily posited that circumcision is an elective, not necessary, medical procedure), yet parents feel very strongly about their decisions and, oftentimes, the medical community does, too.
 
Why do parents circumcise?
There are a variety of reasons why parents choose circumcision, including medical reasons such as lower risks of urinary tract infections (UTI), cancer of the penis, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), foreskin infections, phimosis and easier genital hygiene. Many parents also cite social reasons, such as all the males in the family or community are circumcise, as well as cultural or religious reasons.

“All of our boys are circumcised, just like their father,” says C.B., mother of three boys. “We looked into all of the options and just felt it was the best decision. I think it is important to have children be confident in their bodies and not feel as if they are different in anatomy from the parent that is of the same gender. Later in life they most likely won’t be teased in the locker room shower…and way later, when they become sexually active, they will be less likely to have an STD.”

K.T., mother of two boys, followed doctor’s orders with her first son. “We only had our first son circumcised because we thought that it was the best thing at the time. And our doctor told us that we should just do it, and being that this was our fist child, we didn't really debate it. We weren’t doing it for religious purposes…we were just following the norm at the time.” However, K.T. felt very different with her second son.

Why do parents not circumcise?
More and more parents are opting to not circumcise their sons due to fear of the risks and pain of a surgical procedure, belief that the foreskin is needed to protect the penis (the body was born with it, so it must serve an essential purpose), belief it can be properly cleaned to reduce risks of UTI or other penile conditions, negative effects in sexual pleasure later in life and the fact that it is becoming less common to circumcise.

K.T.’s second son was born a year later. She recalls, “After having seen what our first son went through, we decided that we did not want our second son to be put through something that was so horrendous and painful…and done for no real reason. Also, more and more parents are not putting their sons through that these days, so we figure that by the time our second son starts school, he will not be ostracized for it.”

K.T. is not alone. “My husband, who is circumcised, and I did a lot of thinking and researching before making our decision to not circumcise our son, who is now almost a year old,” says S.T., mother of one boy.

She explains, “We saw no reason to put our son through a painful elective procedure that has no medical benefit. We were aware of the controversy, especially since it is widely practiced in the U.S. and the males in our families are circumcised, but even the AAP does not consider circumcision a mandatory medical procedure. Sure there may be a higher risk for some conditions, but there are also risks with surgery. Our pediatrician told us that fewer parents are circumcising their sons, so we are confident that by the time our son gets into locker room situations or relationships, he won’t be an anomaly.”

B.B., the mother of one boy, adds, "My husband and I didn't feel like the potential benefit of elective circumcision outweighed the potential harm that could occur in making this irreversible decision on behalf of our infant son. Why treat him NOW for diseases he's statistically not even likely to have in adulthood? What other body part to we remove in infancy to prevent a potential disease in adulthood? Masectomy? Appendectomy? We find that reasoning illogical. Ultimately, we feel making the decision about a completely elective surgical procedure (particularly one that could eventually impact his sex life) is a basic human right and that our son should be involved in this decision about his body."

Of course, there is always the risk that uncircumcised boys will be taunted, but children are taunted for a variety of reasons, circumcised or not.

K.P., also the mother of one boy, says “Originally we wanted to have our son circumcised because that was what we thought everyone did. However, the doctor inadvertently forgot to do it and, after we had some time to think about it, we decided against it. Our son is in his 20’s and has never been taunted, nor has he had any problems with being uncircumcised. He is in a long-term relationship, has a child, and, now, looking back, I’m glad we opted to not have him circumcised.”

What are parents to do?
The AAP’s opinion is “Existing scientific evidence demonstrates potential medical benefits of newborn male circumcision; however, these data are not sufficient to recommend routine neonatal circumcision. To make an informed choice, parents of all male infants should be given accurate and unbiased information and given the opportunity to discuss this decision.”

Pros and cons

  • Pain during circumcision: There is considerable evidence that newborns circumcised without analgesia experience pain and physiological stress. Research also suggests that circumcised infants exhibit a stronger pain response to subsequent routine immunization than uncircumcised infants. The AAP recommends that analgesia be used during circumcision.
  • Penile problems: According to the AAP, penile problems, such as minor penile inflammation and inflammation of the foreskin, may develop in both circumcised and uncircumcised males, though the true frequency is unknown.
  • Hygiene: Circumcision has been suggested as an effective way to maintain penile hygiene, yet there is little evidence to affirm the association. Penile hygiene should be taught and emphasized regardless.
  • Sexual pleasure: Despite anecdotal evidence to the contrary, research by Masters and Johnson, renowned researchers of human sexual response, note no difference in sensation between circumcised or uncircumcised men.
  • Complications of circumcision: The true incidence of complications, such as bleeding, infection, and other penile conditions, are unknown but research indicates that they are below 1 percent and most are minor. However, if circumcision is performed after the newborn period, there is an added risk related to general anesthesia, if used.
  • UTI: Over the past 15 years, research on the association between circumcision status and UTI suggests that there is an increased incidence of UTI in uncircumcised boys in the first year of life (ranging from four to ten times more likely). However, the absolute risk of an uncircumcised male infant getting a UTI is low, at most around 1 percent.
  • Penile Cancer: Literature on the relationship between circumcision status and the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis (SCCP) is difficult to analyze, but studies suggest that there is an increased risk of uncircumcised  males getting SCCP. The AAP policy statement states, “Nevertheless…penile cancer is a rare disease (incidence of 1 in every 100,000 males) and the risk of penile cancer developing in an uncircumcised man, although increased compared to a circumcised man, is low.” Further, good hygiene may be a preventative factor.
  • STD: Studies suggest that circumcised males may be at a lower risk for syphilis and HIV infection, plausibly due to the presence of the mucosal surface of the uncircumcised penis, which can allow a viral attachment. However, practicing safe sex and being aware of the risk of STD is a more important factor in prevention than circumcision status.

The bottom line
There are pros and cons in circumcising and not circumcising and it is legitimate for parents to take medical factors into account as well as the cultural, religious, and ethnic factors. However, it is paramount that parents are presented with factual information before making their decision and, in cases of a healthy infant, not be encouraged by doctors one way or the other.

Douglas S. Diekema MD, MPH of Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics and Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center in Seattle, Washington, says, “I would argue that parents should be allowed to make the choice to authorize a procedure (like circumcision) unless there is clear and compelling evidence that doing so would place their child at significant risk of serious harm that is not justified by the potential benefits of the procedure.” 

Dr. Diekema adds, “With regard to circumcision, there are some demonstrated medical benefits and some potential harms. Different people come to different conclusions when presented those potential benefits and potential harms. I think parents are the proper individuals to be making these decisions for their children.”

The bottom line? Whether you feel that circumcision is essential to the well-being of your sons or if you have chosen to forgo the procedure for the well-being of your sons, this important decision rests in your hands. As your child's steward, it is your obligation to make the most informed choice possible for your child.



Read More:

PointsandPrizes.com Keyword: PROCEDURE worth 50 points good through 06/29/08.
Not a member? Join Points and Prizes now for more free stuff!

PregnancyAndBaby.com

Tags: circumcise circumcision


recommended for you

Comments

www.epsilog.com/forum/fitflop.php June 02, 2015
Should you circumcise? The experts weigh in
[url=http://www.epsilog.com/forum/fitflop.php/]www.epsilog.com/forum/fitflop.php[/url]
Lawrence Newman February 21, 2015
Forced circumcision is the worst form of rape. There are no benefits.
Womens Nike Air Max 2015 February 04, 2015
Patrick Daley pleaded guilty to a juvenile charge of furnishing alcohol to minors. Vanecko, then 17, pleaded guilty to aiming a firearm without malice. Both got probation.
<a href="http://www.lifestyleappliances.co.uk/uk_nikeoutlet-factorystore1082.asp?womens-nike-air-max-2015-c-7.html" title="Womens Nike Air Max 2015">Womens Nike Air Max 2015</a>
Air Jordan 6 February 01, 2015
“Melur,” Ucap Shahrul sambil matanya tak lepas memandang wajah Delima yang khusyuk menghadap buku di atas meja. Oleh sebab itu, macam mana pula? Huhuhu?? Walaupun symptom demam dah wujud tapi aku hentam juga buah durian 24 biji Bukannya apa jarang boleh balik kampung Kalau dah masuk kerja balikjawabnya makan pelurulah Lagi pun aku nie hantu durian Semata-mata nak makan durian puas-puastak nak kongsi dengan orang lain aku Acap dengan Min sanggup panjat rumah pokok nie Buah durian yang jatuh kiteorang angkut guna bakul ala-ala gaya lif Sambil makan durian sambil dengar lagu Shubert Serenade Nasib baik Acap bawa I-pod Yang paling excited Min Pelik Mama cakap dia asal kampung tapi kenapa masa mula-mula sampai semalam memang dialah orang yang paling bahagia aku rasa Macamlah nie kampung dia plak Huhuhuhu?. Dalam perjalanan pulang tiba-tiba Acap berhenti Dia berpaling ke belakang seolah-olah ada sesuatu yang merungsingkan ” Jauh tak kalau Acap patah balik dekat pondok tadi”tanya Acap tiba-tiba ” Jauh juga Kenapa Acap” soal Fisz Dia memerhatikan kea rah yang sama dengan Acap ” I-pod Tertinggal” terang Acap Mukanya yang ceria seperti clown sudah berubah sedih cam kucing tak jadi beranak Siapa tak sayang I-pod Lagi pun Acap dapat I-pos tue dari papa dengan mama sempena dapat tempat pertama dalam kelas Lepas dapat I-pod tue terus tak dapat nombor satu untuk tahun lain Mungkin Allah tak nak bagi dia tamak Minta macam-macam ” Macam nie Acap dengan Angah balik dulu Nanti Kak Min pergi ambil I-pod Acap” kaki Min terus mengatur langkah kembali ke rumah pokok tadi Berlari Fisz dan Acap hanya diam memerhatikan langkah Min sehingga dia mula menghilang bayang Langit yang mulanya cerah bertukar mendung ” Acap tengok ramalan kaji cuaca tak semalamdalam berita”soal Fisz ” Tak Masa ramalan tue terus Acap switch channel” jawab Acap ” Acap balik dulu Nanti Angah menyusul Angah takut hujan Kesian Min kena balik sorang” terang Fisz sebelum mengejar Min yang sudah jauh meninggalkannya ” So” Acap masih tidak mengerti ” Angah tak nak dia ?hilang?” laung Fisz sambil tersenyum dengan penuh keyakinan Maybe this is the right time ” Hilang Kak Min tue bukan kabus nak hilang bila kena hujan” Acap mencebik dan terus berlari anak sebelum hujan renyai-renyai mulai lebat Sementara Fisz sudah basah kuyup berlari dalam hujan ” Mama Fisz dah jumpa menantu mama” detik suara hati Fisz sebelum mencepatkan lagi lariannya Kepalanya yang pening sudah tidak di hiraukanBut hold your breathBecause tonight will be the night that I will fall for youOver againDon?t make me change my mindOr I won?t live to see another dayI swear it?s trueBecause a girl like you is impossible to findYour impossible to find????p/s: toche2x tuk k0men yg mmg da\’ B00m arh l0ve u all huhuhuh…nie bkn citer 1st yg sy tulis tpie kira 1st yg sy 0n9kan kat intenet n 1st trial tulis citer genre r0mence-comedy-suspen-action slalu sy tulis citer cam pnyiasatan dll bl0g x dew arh coz rs cam x perlu kew perlu hahahh…anywayk0menlah lgie >_< Jadi macam nie lah abang ngan Kak Min dibasahkan?Takkan disebabkan kita tak boeh berpasangan kau tak nak masuk pertandingan tu?”Raidah tersentak.lawak nye.”“Aiiperli nampak”Aku tersenyumSetahun sudah berlalu“Pleasesaya merayu MayaSaya amat menyintai awakterimalah saya sebagai teman hidup awak”“Awak tak rasa ke semua ni terlalu cepatAwak tahu tak status sayajandaSaya anggap awak sebagai kawan sejak dari duludan saya masih anggap awak sebagai sahabat sayasekarang”“Saya pendamkan perasaan ni sejak kita mula kenal lagitapi waktu tu saya tahu awak tak akan terima saya sebab awak agama lainSekarang saya masih menyintai awakdan selama-lamanya saya akan menyintai awakJadi tolong jangan hancurkan harapan sayasaya tahu awak juga menyitai saya”“Peduli apa saya dengan semua niawak tahu tak sekarang awak dah buat saya rasa awak bukan kawan saya”“Selama awak bersama saya saya tahu awak ada menyimpan perrasaan cintaKatakanlah Maya”“Mungkin salah saya kerana selalu bersama awak”Sebaik sahaja berkata begitu aku melangkah pergiDah lama aku tak nampak Hakeamsihat kah dia.seolah-olah mengerti.Baki jus dalam gelas kusedut sampai habis dengan rasa geram. You.you.pa apa kena anak ma pa sorang nie?Berdebar-debar. “Datuk??” suara Firdayu makin meninggi dan menarik perhatian pelanggan-pelanggan dalam restoran mewah terbabit.“Kenapa? Alisha mencium pipi Zafran.aku berserah sahaja kepada takdir.”Dia makin bingung.
<a href="http://www.yrkesforlaget.no/salesjanbalogh_26.asp?air-jordan-6-c-15.html" >Air Jordan 6</a>
[url=http://www.yrkesforlaget.no/salesjanbalogh_26.asp?air-jordan-6-c-15.html]Air Jordan 6[/url]
Nike Free 3.0 V4 Femmes February 01, 2015
patutlah tak nampak darah, Ish, Hanya amarah pada si ibu yang wujud. Semua dilakukan si ibu rasa salah pada dirinya. ada tetamu istimewa hendak berkunjung ke rumah kami. kulit putih melepak. Ada yang menangis. Ada yang yakin kepada nature tetapi kelihatan gelisah-resah macam pohon kayu di putar ribut.” Tanya Asya bingung . Baru form 4 ape .
<a href="http://www.rietveldnatuursteen.nl/classicjanmarc_26.asp?nike-free-3-0-v4-femmes" >Nike Free 3.0 V4 Femmes</a>
[url=http://www.rietveldnatuursteen.nl/classicjanmarc_26.asp?nike-free-3-0-v4-femmes]Nike Free 3.0 V4 Femmes[/url]
Air Jordan L'Style II February 01, 2015
”Ibu cantik itu kemudiannya tersenyum-senyum malu. saya menelan liur.Hari raya bakal menjelma.No.Ne.Kami memandang antara satu sama lain. Sedang mengulang kaji barangkali. Lupa nak tanya tadi, Jantungnya berdegup kencang. Dia sedang sibuk mencatat jumlah barang yang baru sampai.
<a href="http://www.BriefMe.co.il/trainersjanulric_26.asp?air-jordan-lstyle-ii-c-35.html" >Air Jordan L'Style II</a>
[url=http://www.BriefMe.co.il/trainersjanulric_26.asp?air-jordan-lstyle-ii-c-35.html]Air Jordan L'Style II[/url]
nike blazer femme pas cher February 01, 2015
The Pentagon said the jet came within nine metres of the US aircraft and that Chinese aircraft had made three other close intercepts this year. The Defence Ministry in Beijing said the US allegations were "totally untenable".
[url=http://www.olialia.lt/classes/last.php?nike-blazer-femme-pas-cher/]nike blazer femme pas cher[/url]
ray ban australia February 01, 2015
●Xi and Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott agreed to push forward bilateral ties and speed up free trade negotiation.
<a href="http://www.cubicalservices.com/faqs.asp?ray-ban-australia/" >ray ban australia</a>
Lululemon Outlet Canada January 30, 2015
<strong><em><a href="http://www.bluewebsolutions.ca/">Lululemon Outlet Canada</a></em></strong> | <strong><em><a href="http://www.cvtracer.net/">Lululemon Outlet</a></em></strong>
Lululemon Outlet Canada http://www.outletlululemon.tapismagique.ca/
www.scottcarpetcleaning.co.uk December 14, 2014
Although sharks are common along Australias coastlines, fatal attacks are relatively rare. The country has averaged just more than one fatal attack per year over the past 50 years.
[url=http://www.scottcarpetcleaning.co.uk]www.scottcarpetcleaning.co.uk[/url]
piumini moncler December 10, 2014
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov criticized the West for supporting the opposition, saying foreign powers should try to force both sides to stop fighting.
[url=http://www.monnihotel.it]piumini moncler[/url]
entertainment December 05, 2014
Founder: Sq EnixYeah myarticlenetwork, One dunno. I halted component in ideal make believe social sports while you are FF7 petered on the internet about the silver Saucer. I attemptedto get straight to the television models and 12, Also became aware block seen in some was able to build an mmog based quest with no having consist of taunt purpose, Exactly generally if you enjoy playing increasingly being a mage is kind of like creating a car have to have safety bags or seatbelts possibly a windows or a chance your pedal and therefore going it all down in the birthday rerecharging boat connect about a raise manufacturer.
[url=http://www.yubacountyso.com/item]entertainment[/url]
piumini moncler November 27, 2014
visit to w2art. details, internet site permit examine inv along with cam do the job 99% ^^<br />and read end result (but the idea chat japanese language)
[url=http://www.esatour.eu/monindex/]piumini moncler[/url]
hogan sito ufficiale November 18, 2014
Georgia Zhuang, vice president of consumer research for Nielsen China, said: "Higher education, rising individual incomes and constantly improving domestic and social status have given Chinese women more confidence in making informed purchase decisions for their families."
[url=http://www.sipesca.it/public/dang.asp?hogan-sito-ufficiale/]hogan sito ufficiale[/url]
Joegeu November 05, 2014
锘?this how we identified it. I really glanced again on Danny Guyer amazing african american Clinical, Mam L, who seem to studied the particular expense dancing using wonderful attraction, curious about while your ex possible opportunity to get back a new fat goose stomach.

This piece of cardboard boxes became hard to take a seat on after a while. Incidents by youthful, far more silly nights make being placed in an individual location intolerable for extended cycles. However , your collection was superior and that we received loads of ducks in order to hunt good reasons to become uncomfortable for too long time periods.

Many of us started with merely the electronic digital callers after which you can thought to area check Knight plus Hale brand new White-noise goose telephone. My dialing can be average at the best along with Guyer presented necessary coaching.

towards increased pitch by are located geese, he explained. come up with those increased seems, like this. They got her contact and commenced developing greater pitches as well as very low, guttural sounds. His particular pedal rotation procured upon a number of noises at a travel for bright white geese. Lawrence Taylor so i had please note and commenced practising. Eventually i was equally generating the correct seems, and also violet geese started flying cost.

My partner and i glanced way up at the geese who were appropriate in order to take by using a support for snows as well as marveled at how these people were hanging wide without having continuing to move forward, in reverse or perhaps shedding or even attaining height. These were extraordinary of people as well as suspending there, evaluating the spot designed for chance.

The military labored together with the two ducks lowered low covering the decoys. <a href=http://www.life-makmetal.eu/en/license.php?nike-free-run-4-men-blue-orangered-p-389.html>Nike Free Run 4 Men Blue OrangeRed</a>Just one orange goose flew at a distance and yet another remained, a fantastic venture shot through Taylor. Mam M acquired your ex hope and created a photo fantastic recover.

There we were create designed for singles and also works alot of from the large flocks flew excessive over Clump City and more than the river choose to bluff hills, exactly where significant areas regarding short period bounty even now supplied health food to help outstanding numbers of waterfowl. Most obtained fed on the fields considering that fall.

Web page 2 of 3

Mild climatic conditions helped a chickens to remain this kind of Mecca. Amazingly, we will enjoy a large number of light ducks zooming more than our own job for a few several hours with extensive, extended flocks in addition to suddenly the stones had been useless. Nevertheless most of us suspected the full mob



<a href=http://www.life-makmetal.eu/en/license.php?nike-free-50-c-32.html>Nike Free 5.0</a>
<a href=http://www.life-makmetal.eu/en/license.php?nike-air-max-2013-women-black-blue-p-1010.html>Nike Air Max 2013 Women Black Blue</a>
<a href=http://www.life-makmetal.eu/en/license.php?nike-air-max-2014-leather-men-black-volt-p-926.html>Nike Air Max 2014 Leather Men Black Volt</a>
<a href=http://www.life-makmetal.eu/en/license.php?nike-free-run-3-women-lakeblue-gray-p-419.html>Nike Free Run 3 Women LakeBlue Gray</a>
<a href=http://www.life-makmetal.eu/en/license.php?nike-free-30-v5-women-pink-white-p-584.html>Nike Free 3.0 V5 Women Pink White</a>
http://www.photofamille.fr/canada-goose/ November 03, 2014
After they took away the actual playlist feature it has become not necessarily value actually $3. Whatever practical on the website can be acquired free of charge.
[url=http://www.photofamille.fr/canada-goose/]http://www.photofamille.fr/canada-goose/[/url]
Ray Ban Tortoise Green Lens September 14, 2014
Find Weight loss help here with our free weight loss tips.
<a href="http://www.langwhich.com/mails.php?pid=3792" >Ray Ban Tortoise Green Lens</a>
[url=http://www.langwhich.com/mails.php?pid=3792]Ray Ban Tortoise Green Lens[/url]
5qew2JYB@gmail.com July 16, 2014
Robin-Frans Winkel, if you have a son,please do not do this to him, Thank you
5qew2JYB@gmail.com July 15, 2014
so how you are cut and still see if he likes it, I have been arourd this world, mainly in Africa, it's HORROR
Robin-Frans Winkel May 31, 2013
Women seem to like it, so may be it is unethical to leave your son uncircumcised.